Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology, was one of the great explorers of the inner world of the psyche. He began his professional life treating patients and conducting research at the Burgholzi clinic in Zurich, at that time the most famous psychiatric hospital in Europe. In 1906 Jung met with Sigmund Freud and the two began a collaboration to map out the realms of the unconscious.
But while Freud based his theories on one dominant theme, the Greek myth of Oedipus, Jung concluded that a wealth of mythological themes express themselves universally in dreams and fantasies. He understood these themes as powerful archetypes that affect how we live, think and feel. Jung went on to develop his own model of the mind and his own approach to analysis, which he called analytical psychology.